Autistic Disorder and Asperger Syndrome are both neurodevelopmental disorders that fall under the broader category of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). While they share some similarities, there are important distinctions between the two. In this article, we will explore the true statements regarding Autistic Disorder and Asperger Syndrome to enhance our understanding of these conditions.
1. Autistic Disorder
Autistic Disorder, also known as classic autism, is characterized by significant challenges in social interaction, communication, and behavior. Individuals with Autistic Disorder may exhibit repetitive behaviors, difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, and a restricted range of interests or activities.
2. Asperger Syndrome
Asperger Syndrome, on the other hand, is considered a milder form of autism. Individuals with Asperger Syndrome typically have average to above-average intelligence and may not experience significant delays in language development. They may struggle with social interactions, exhibit repetitive behaviors, and have intense interests in specific topics.
3. Language Development
One true statement regarding Autistic Disorder is that individuals with this condition often face challenges in language development. They may experience delays in speech or have difficulty with expressive and receptive language skills.
In the case of Asperger Syndrome, individuals generally develop language skills within the typical range. They may have advanced vocabularies and demonstrate good grammatical skills, although they may struggle with understanding social cues and context in conversations.
4. Intellectual Abilities
Both Autistic Disorder and Asperger Syndrome can occur across a wide range of intellectual abilities. While some individuals may have intellectual disabilities, others may possess exceptional skills in specific areas, such as math, music, or art. It is important to recognize that intelligence levels can vary among individuals with these conditions.
5. Diagnostic Criteria
The diagnostic criteria for Autistic Disorder and Asperger Syndrome have undergone changes in recent years. In the current diagnostic manual, the DSM-5, these two conditions have been consolidated under the umbrella term “Autism Spectrum Disorder” (ASD). This change aims to capture the diverse range of symptoms and presentations observed in individuals with autism.